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Water (ماء)

Names: –
1. In Hadis & Arabic is called as Al-Ma’a. (ماء)
2. In English it is called as Water.
3. In Urdu & Hindi it is called as Paani.
water
In Quran water is been mentioned in many verses, in different contexts.

Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم’s guidance about water (ماء)

Arabic words written in below references are the words mentioned in respected Hadees. You can confirm the references of Hadees at sunna.com & Al-Maktab Al-Shamilah (المكتبة الشاملة) also.
Teachings of Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم regarding drinking water  

1. Narrated Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said: “Let none of you drink all at once like the camel. But drink two or three times, mentioning Allah’s Name when you drink, and praising Him when you (finish).” : Reference Tirmizi: 1885; Book No. 26, Hadees No. 26; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1885.
2. Narrated Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم prohibited breathing out in the vessel or blow into it. : Reference Tirmizi: 1888; Book No. 26; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1888.
3. Narrated by Abu Saeed Al Khudri رضي الله عنه  that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم prohibited blowing into the drinks, the man asked: “What about if one sees something floating in the vessel?” He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم replied: “Spill it out (removing that).” He said: “I cannot drink in one breath.” & Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said: “Then remove the cup away from your mouth”.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1887; Book No. 26; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1887.

Drinking water in 3 breathes   

4. Hazrat Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم drank water (ماء) in 3 breathes & said this way is more wholesome & thirst quenching.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1884; Book No. 26; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1884.

Holding of breath while drinking water 

5. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abi Qatadah رضي الله عنه says from his father that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “When one of you drinks, then do not breathe into the vessel”. : Reference Tirmizi: 1889; Book No. 26; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1889. (Means that the glass or drinking vessel should be taken far from the mouth & nose & exhale followed by   inhale).  And hold the breath while drinking and drink sip by sip.

Disallowed to drink water from mouth of Waterskin

6. Narrated Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم forbade the drinking of water directly from the mouth of a water skin. : Reference Bukhari: 5628; Book no. 74; In English volume no. 7; Book no. 69; Hadees no. 532.

Avoid drinking water in standing position

7. Hazrat Qataada رضي الله عنه says that Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه said, Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم disliked & stopped them, when found people drinking water (ماء) in standing position & about eating in standing position Anas رضي الله عنه was asked, he answer “That is worse”.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1879; Book No. 26; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1879.
8. Narrated Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم has drunk Zamzam water (زمزم ماء) in standing position.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1882; Book No. 26, Hadees No. 22; In English volume no.3 Book 24, Hadees no 1882.
9. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, none of you should drink while standing; and if anyone forgets, he must vomit.   : Reference Muslim: 2026; Book no. 36; In English; Book no. 23; Hadees no. 5022.

Rule of boiling our drinks

10. Narrated by Abdullah Bin Yazad Al-khatmi that Umar Bin Al-Khattab رضي الله عنه  wrote to him (saying) cook (boil) your drinks until the share of shaitaan is gone, for he has two share & you have one (means boil till 1/3 is left over & 2/3 is evaporated). : Reference An-Nasa’i: 5717; Book no. 51; In English volume no. 6 Book 51, Hadees no 5720.

Wooden cup

11. Narrated Anas رضي الله عنه that Umme Sulaim رضي الله عنها had a wooden cup & she said she gave Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم all kinds of things to drink in it (water, honey, Nabiz) : Reference An-Nasa’i: 5753; Book no. 51; In English volume no. 6 Book 51, Hadees no 5756.

Drinking from the broken side of cup not allowed

12. Hazrat Abu Saeed Al-Khudri رضي الله عنه says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم disallowed drinking from the chipped (broken) side of the cup and from breathing in the drink”.   : Reference Abu Dawud: 3722; Book no. 27; In English Book no. 26; Hadees no. 3713.

Signs of pure water

13. Hazrat Abu Umamah Al-Bahili  رضي الله عنه says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said that water (ماء) is pure (usable) if the taste, colour & smell of water is proper.  : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 563; Book no. 1; In English volume no. 1; Book 1, Hadees no 521. (Means if water is contaminated than its colour, taste or smell will get bad).

Sea water & its products    

14. Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه says that one person asked to Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم that “we are travelers on sea, & we do not have lot of water with us, can we do WAZOO with sea water? Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم answered that, sea water is pure (usable) & its products are also permissible. : Reference An-Nasai: 332; Book no. 2; In English volume no. 1 Book 2, Hadees no 333.

Rules about still water  
15. Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه  says that Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said do not pass urine in still waters (الداءم الماء) & also do not take bath in still waters (الداءم الماء) after sex (جنابة).  : Reference Abu Dawud: 70; Book no. 1; In English Book no. 1; Hadees no. 70. Remember bath after sex is compulsory in Islam. Still waters are like swimming pools, pools, ponds, sea water etc

16. Narrated by Jabir رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم forbade urinating into standing water. : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 369; Book no. 1; In English volume no. 1; Book 1, Hadees no 343.

Treat fever with water

17.Narrated Aisha that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “Fever is from the heat of the (Hell) Fire, so cool it with water.” : Reference Bukhari: 3263; Book no. 59; In English volume no. 4; Book no. 54; Hadees no. 485.

Sea water a source of Tahrat 

18. Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه  says that Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said “The one who do not gets cleaned (طهره) with sea water also, then there is nothing from Allah (Ta’lah) to clean (طهره) him”    : Reference Daarqathni: 78.

Boiled water & Honey for kidney problems   
19. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها says that Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said that “There is an important part of kidney (called as) khasaura (الخاصرة) when this part gets swelled up, the person gets great pain & problems, treat this with excessively boiled water (الماء المحرق) (muharraq) & Honey  (عسل)”. : Reference Mustadrak Al Hakim: 8237.Overnight kept water

20. Narrated Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه  that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم entered upon a man among the Ansar when he was watering his garden, & asked him ‘If you have any water that has been kept overnight in a water skin, then give us some to drink, otherwise we will drink by putting out mouths in the basin.’ He replied, ‘I have water that has been kept in a water skin, so he went and we went with him, to the shelter, where he milked a sheep for Him and (mixed it with) water that had been kept overnight in a water skin. He drank from it, then he did likewise for his Companion who was with him.”: Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3558; Book no. 30; In English volume no. 4 Book 30, Hadees no 3432.
Waterskin is a bag like thing in which water was stored & kept for cooling).  When water is left overnight, its earthly and sandy pollutants will rest in the bottom.

Selling of water not allowed

21. It was narrated by Jabir رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم forbade selling water. : Reference An-Nasa’i: 4660; Book no. 44; In English volume no. 5; Book 44, Hadees no 4664.
22. Amr Bin Shu’aib on the authority of his father and grandfather reported that they saw Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم drink standing, and sitting. : Reference Riyad As-Salihin; Book no. 3; Hadees no. 770; In English; Book no. 3; Hadees no. 43.

Running water beneficial for vision   
23. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said that three things to see are beneficial for vision                                                                                                                                 a) To see at greenery (tree etc) (الخضرة).
b) To see to running water (river) (الجارى الماء).
c) To see to a beautiful face. (حسن الوجه)      : Reference Kanz al-Ummal: 28313.
24. It is mentioned in Baihaqi, (if you need) take water out from still waters & bath at different place (but never bath in still waters after sex, nor urinate in it). : Reference Baihaqi: 1170.
25. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها narrates that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلمliked kept water.  .: Reference Musnad Abi Yaala: 4613.

Conclusion of Hadees from Shamail e Koebra

1. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used to drink water mixed with honey in the morning & did not eat after it, but after the lapse of sometime ate when He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم felt hungry.  : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 209-10.
2. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said that Water is the leader (the best of all liquids drinks, both in this world & Hereafter.  : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 208.
3. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used to sip the drinking water by lips & tongue & did not pour the water directly in mouth.  : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 215.
4. It is Sunnah to recite Bismillah before drinking a sip & recite Alhamdulillah after drinking the sips & Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم drank in three gulps & Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم prohibited drinking like a camel in one gulp.  : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 217.
The scientist Masaru Emoto & his team of Japan found out that, the Muslims recites BISMILLAH before eating/drinking. He says that after saying BISMILLAH on regular water, there are some strange changes happened in the quality of regular water. That make it best water.
5. The person who serves others should himself eat or drink last & the eldest should be served first than serve from right side.  : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 217-218.

6. After drinking water one should recite the following Dua

: Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 238-239.
7. Drinking water after meals is not Sunnah, especially if the water is very hot or very cold as both are harmful. : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 214

8.  Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said Allah gets pleased with the person who recites Al-Hamdulillah after every morsel of meal & every sip of water. : Reference Shamail e Koebra; volume no. 1; page 227.

Scientific benefits

1. Water help the kidneys to function properly, helps the liver in metabolism, aids digestion, maintains pH of the body & blood volume, helps in blood circulation, cleans the body, removes waste & toxins, cleans & tones the skin, maintain water volume in the body, reduces lipids, cough, phlegm & etc, hence there are numerous benefits of water.

Science & Hadees regarding water

Whenever we examine the statements of the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, we should always remember one thing: that He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم was extremely eloquent and concise. Though His صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم words are few, they contain an abundance of knowledge and wisdom. It is important that we learn to take our time contemplating His صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم words, so we can derive as much wisdom from them as possible.

A Brief Explanation

A man asked about a particular situation that he and other Muslims had found themselves in. Was it permissible to make wudu from the salty ocean water, while carrying a small amount of water on board? The Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم clearly answered the question and more than the man asked. Let’s take a look at how he answered the question.

First, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم could have simply said, “Yes”, and the man would have gotten his answer and moved on. However, the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم decided to make a universal statement concerning the purity of saltwater and added details pertaining to the consumption of seafood. Had the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم only said, “Yes”, then it could have been understood that making wudu from saltwater is allowed only under certain circumstances, like when lacking other clean water or if out at sea. This would have left some ambiguity about the absolute purity of saltwater. Rather, he stated a principle that the water of the ocean was absolutely pure, which means it can be used in making wudu, ghusl (ritual washing), and cleaning one’s self after the restroom. Thus, it became crystal clear that saltwater is always considered pure, regardless of the circumstances.

Secondly, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم added that whatever died in the ocean was permissible to eat. So why did He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم add this information when it was not requested? The Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم realized that if people are out at sea, and are in need of water, then they would also be in need of food. Hence, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم realized that it was in the man’s benefit to know that all seafood is permissible to eat, and didn’t need to be slaughtered to be considered permissible. This shows the Prophet’s صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم insight and practicality in imparting knowledge, which although not requested, was valuable to know.
Science shows that exhaling CO2 into a glass of water causes it to react and form carbonic acid that can disturb our internal environment causing a pH change. This, in worse condition, can lead to ‘Acidosis’ (a condition where the blood has too much acid (or a very low base) and often causes decreased blood pH) & also the bacteria present in mouth will go in the drink or food & from the drink or food the bacteria will directly get in the stomach & cause infection.

The scientist of Japan Masaru Emoto & his team says that “My Muslim colleague offered to recite Quranic verses over the water. He brought a tape-recorder and played some Quranic verses, and we got the most perfectly-shaped crystals. Then he played the 99 names of Allah (SWT). Each name produced a uniquely-shaped crystal. Then he began cursing the water. We said: Water, you are impure. You are not suited for consumption. The water, in this case, did not freeze, or produced an extremely ugly crystal.” When they uttered bad words like “war” or “fighting,” the water did not freeze, or else produced an ugly shape. When the man completed these experiments, which lasted 15 years, he published a five-volume book called Messages from Water. He wrote: “I have proven that water, that peculiar liquid, is capable of thinking, fathoming, feeling, getting excited, and expressing itself.”
He also found out that if someone recites the Quran on regular water, it gets the ability for the treatment of different diseases.
This scientist Masaru Emoto & his team also found out that, the Muslims recites BISMILLAH before eating/drinking. He says that after saying BISMILLAH on regular water, there are some strange changes happened in the quality of regular water. That make it best water.

Conclusion of Hadees

1. Do not drink water in one large gallop, do not exhale in the drinking vessel, separate the vessel of drinking at each sip, do not drink directly from water skins, do not stand & drink, do not drink from the broken region of the cup.
2. Zamzam can be drank in standing position, drink zamzam in plenty, drink water in 3 breathes, treat fever with water wash or sponge, overnight kept water is beneficial, praise Allah before & after drinking water.
3. If you boil any drinking thing, than reduces the quantity to 1/3 & reduces the 2/3 part by boiling, for kidney problems drink excessively boiled water added with honey.

4. Sea water is pure; one can perform Wazoo from it, do not urinate in still water, nor bath in them after sex.

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