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Warss. (ورس).

Introduction

Warss (ورس) in Arabic it is considered as two things

1.) Kamaala
2.) Karkam.

Warss (ورس) is a yellow dye from a perennial plant cultivated in Yemen, identified usually as Memecylon tinctorium, Melastomaceae , or sometimes Flemmingia rhodocarpus BAK, Leguminosae .
According to Abū Ḥanīfa al-Dīnawarī’s chapter on dyestuffs (165-7), it is found only in Yemen, and there only as a cultivated plant. From various sources, he describes the best wars as bādira , from a young plant, the other sort being called ḥabas̲h̲ī because of some blackness in it; however, the ḥabas̲h̲ī gives pure yellow, while bādira can contain some redness.
kamala
Kamaala
1. In Hadis & Arabic it is called as Warss (ورس)
2. In English it is called as Kamala.
3. In Hindi it is called as Kamaalaa.
4. In Sanskrit it is called as Kampillak.
5. In Marathi it is called as kesari.
6. In Latin it is called as Mallotus philippnensis.
memecylon Karkam:
1. In Hadis it is called as Warss (ورس)
2. In Persain it is called as Karkam
3. In Latin it is called as Memecylon tinctorium.
4. In English it is called as Memecylon.
5. In Marathi it is called as Graham.

Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم’s guidance about Warss (ورس)

Arabic words written in below references are the words mentioned in respected Hadees. You can confirm the references of Hadees at sunna.com & Al-Maktab Al-Shamilah (المكتبة الشاملة) also.

Qust, Zait (Olive oil) & Warss for Zaatul Janb (pleurisy)

1. Hazrat Zaid Bin Arqam رضي الله عنه says that Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم advised, as a treatment for Zaatul Janb (الجنب ذات) (pleurisy), Warss (ورس), Qust (قسط), & Zait (زيت) (olive oil) & take at one side of mouth (يُلَدُّ). : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3596; Book no. 31; In English volume no. 4 Book 31, Hadees no 3467.
2. Qatadah narrated from Abu Abdullah that Zaid Bin Arqam رضي الله عنه said that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم would acclaim olive oil ( الزَّيْتَ) and (الْوَرْسَ) Wars for (the treatment of) pleurisy.” Qatadah said: “And it is put in the mouth on the side which he is suffering. ” : Reference Tirmizi: 2222; Book No. 28, In English volume no.4; Book 2, Hadees no 2078.

Qustul hind & Warss for Azrah (throat infection)

3. Hazrat Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه  says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said Oh! Ladies, Do not burn (Cauterize) throats of your children for Azrah (العذرة) (swelling/infection in throat) because, you have Qustul hind (هندن قسط) & Warss (ورس) make them to lick (both). : Reference Mustadrak Al Hakim: 8239.

Warss water sitz bath after menstrual cycle & delivery

4. Hazrat Umme Salma رضي الله عنها says that “Ladies after menstrual cycle or delivery use to sit in Warss (ورس) water for 40 days & we used to put Warss on our faces because of freckles”. : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 692; Book no. 1; In English volume no. 1; Book 1, Hadees no 648

Avoid dying Ihraam with Warss     
5. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ordered not to dye the cloth of Ihraam (cloth worn while doing Hajj & Umrah) with Warss (ورس).  : Reference An-Nasa’i: 2666; Book no. 24; In English volume no. 3; Book 24, Hadees no 2667.
6. Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar رضي الله عنه  that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used to wear tanned leather sandals and dye his beard yellow with warss and saffron, and Ibn Umar used to do that too. : Reference Abu Dawud: 4210; Book no. 35; In English Book no. 34; Hadees no. 4198.

Scientific benefits of Memecylon tinctorium

1. It is beneficial for all skin diseases, vitiligo, spots on skin etc.

Scientific benefits of Mallotus philippnensis

1. Helpful in cancers, bronchitis, skin diseases, diabetes, lungs diseases, digestive system diseases, jaundice etc.

Science & Hadees regarding Warss (Memecylon tinctorium)

Studies shows: –
• Antibacterial: -Results showed the ethyl acetate and chloroform extracts of the plant with moderate antibacterial activity. Maximum activity was shown by the chloroform extract against Bacillus subtilis.
• Radical Scavenging / Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic: – The ethyl acetate extract showed the highest stimulation for interleukin-10 production; it also caused significant inhibition of the writhing response. The methanol fraction exhibited radical scavenging activity.
• Antimicrobial: Study of methanol extracts showed significant activity against gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria and fungus.
• Apoptogenic / Human Gastric Carcinoma: – Study evaluated the anti-proliferative and apoptogenic activity of an ethyl acetate extract of leaves of Memecylon edule in various cancer cell lines. Results showed the extract inhibited the gastric cancer cell growth in a dose-dependent manner, inducing apoptosis by mitochondrial dependent pathway.


Conclusion of Hadees

Warss is best for pleurisy, throat infections; it can be used with olive oil & Qust (refer both lesson). It can use in sitz bath (to sit in water) after menstrual cycle & apply on face. It can be applied on bread, or use in dyeing clothes, but do not wear Ihraam dyed with warss.

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