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Onion. (البصل)

Names
1. It is called as Basal (البصل) in Quran, Hadis & Arabic.
2. In Latin it is called as Allium cepa Linn.
3. Family is Liliaceace.
4. In Urdu & Hindi it is called as Piyaz.
onion2 onion

Quranic reference of onion

1. Onion (البصل) reference in Quran is in Sura Baqara, chapter no.2, (aayat) verse no 61. (In references to Moosa (A.S.) & His followers, in this verse onion is directly mentioned along with Mann & Salva & many other vegetables.

Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم’s guidance about onions (البصل)

Arabic words written in below references are the words mentioned in respected Hadees. You can confirm the references of Hadees at sunna.com & Al-Maktab Al-Shamilah (المكتبة الشاملة) also.
Onion in last meal of Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم

1. Hazrat Aisha رضي الله عنها was asked by Ibn Ziyaad Khiyar رضي الله عنه   about onion (basal) (البصل) & she said that the last meal which Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ate, had Onion (Basal) (البصل) in it.   : Reference Abu Dawud: 3829; Book no. 28; In English Book no. 27; Hadees no. 3820.

Disliking of raw Onion smell & disallowed to come in or near Masjid

2. Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه   reported that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, He who eats onion (بصل) and garlic and leek (الكراث), should not approach our mosque for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam. : Reference Muslim: 564 B; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4, Hadees no 1147.

3. Hazrat Abu Saeed Al Khudri رضي الله عنه   says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم disallowed to eat Onion (البصل), garlic (الثوم), gundan (الكراث) (wild onion).   : Reference Tyasi: 2285.    (Raw is disliked to eat, but we can use them in cooked food).
4. Narrated Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه  said, that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said “Whoever has eaten garlic (ثوم) or onion (بصل), should keep away from us, or should keep away from our mosque and should stay at home.” Ibn Wahb said, “Once a plate full of cooked vegetables was brought to the Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم at Badr. Detecting a bad smell from it, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم asked about the dish and was informed of the kinds of vegetables in contained. He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم then said, “Bring it near,” and so it was brought near to one of his companions who were with him. When Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم saw it, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم disliked eating it and said (to his companion), “Eat, for I talk in secret to ones whom you do not talk to”. : Reference Bukhari : 7359; Book no. 96; In English volume no. 9;  Book no. 92; Hadees no. 458.  (Means talk to angels).
5. Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه   reported that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said: He who eats onion (بصل) and garlic and leek (الكراث), should not approach our mosque for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam. : Reference Muslim: 564 B; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4, Hadees no 1147.

Garlic & Onion allowed eating in cooked food   

6. Rasool Allah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم allowed us to eat onion (البصل) & garlic (الثوم) cooked in food. (Means avoid eating them raw). : Reference Abu Dawud: 3827; Book no. 28; In English Book no. 27; Hadees no. 3818.
7. Hazrat Uqbah Bin Amir Al-Juhani رضي الله عنه   says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said ‘Do not eat onions (بصل),’ then he said in a low voice: ‘Raw’. : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3491; Book no. 29; In English volume no. 4, Book 29, Hadees no 3366.
8. Narrated Mu’awiyah Ibn Qurrah رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم forbade these two plants (i.e. garlic and onions), and said, He who eats them should not come near our mosque. If it is necessary to eat them, make them dead by cooking, that is, onions and garlic. : Reference Abu Dawud: 3827; Book no. 28; In English Book no. 27; Hadees no. 3818.
9. Narrated by Hazrat Ma’daan Bin Abi Talha Ya’mir رضي الله عنه  once Hazrat Umar Bin Khattab رضي الله عنه in Friday khutba said that if you want to eat garlic (ثوم), onion (بصل), use them in cooked food (means avoid them eating raw & coming in public & also avoid there bad smell in breath or mouth). (This is a long Hadees).  : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3488; Book no. 29; In English volume no. 4 Book 29, Hadees no 3363.

Content of it

carbohydrates, sugars, fibers, protein, vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B7, C, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, selenium, volatile oils, sulphur Etc

Scientific benefits of Onions 

1. It strengthens the digestion, increases semen production, dissolves phlegm, cleans the stomach, reduces cholesterol and triglycerides.
2. Helpful in jaundice, cough, and cold.
3. Helpful in following condition for local application, alopecia (means patchy hair falls), warts, white spots etc (its juice should be used with salt).
4. Its smell is used in fits, nausea and vomiting.
5. Its juice should be put in nose for sinus. (Put 2 to 3 drops of onion juice in nose)
 6. Avoid eating raw.
 7. Excessive eating of onion may cause migraine, weak memory, flatulence & makes complexion dark, especially raw onions.
8. For Warts take onion juice & salt, mix both & apply on warts.

Contra-indications

Do not use in diarrhea. Bleeding disorders, Namaz time (Salah time). Do not use it in weak sex.

Science & Hadees regarding onion

1. In Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم time mostly people were poor, in Arab much vegetables did not grew, vegetables from other parts of the world were not very time available, people use to eat raw onion very often & we all know that it has a very offensive smell in breath which irritates other people, & Prophet did not strictly prohibited to eat, but allowed to eat it in cooked food, & prohibited to come in Masjid or near it with its smell in breath, because in Masjid there are angles, who also get irritated with its smell, And by this rule all bad smell things should be avoided in Masjid or near it. The people often use to come in Masud with its smell in breath, may be people ate raw onion in much quantity to fulfill their hunger, & it is seen that the bad smell is very offensive if raw onion is eaten in much quantity & remains for very long in the breath & also its smell is found in sweating which is again bad. And also cause excessive unwanted gas formation & its expulsion & if this occurs in public it is thing of irritating for others.
 2. Today no body eats onion raw enough or full stomach because today we have all types of vegetables available all season thus onion remains an ingredient of food. Thought its medicinal properties are not neglected.

Adverse effects and toxicology

3. If excessive raw onion is used some people may suffer from allergic reactions & also after handling onions. Symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating and anaphylaxis. The toxicity is caused by the sulfoxides present in raw onions, causing ingestion resulting in anaemia caused by the distortion and rupture of red blood cells. (This is based on an animal’s research done by using onion.

Conclusion of Hadees

1. Do not come in Masjid or in public after eating raw vegetables whose bad smell comes from mouth. We can eat them cooked in food & bad smell should not come from mouth. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم did not liked bad smell, specially from mouth because Angle use to come to Him bringing Messages & Quranic verses from Allah & Angles get irritated by te bad smell even people get irritated.

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