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Garlic (saum) (ثوم)

Names
1. It is called as Fum in Quran.
2. In Hadis it is called as Saum (ثوم)
3. In Arabic it is called as Thum. (Fum)
4. In Hindi, Urdu & Sanskrit it is called as Lasun.
5. Botanical name is Allium sativum.
6. Family is Liliaceae.
Garlic

Quranic references of it

1. Sura Baqara verse no. 61.

Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم’s guidance about Garlic

Arabic words written in below references are the words mentioned in respected Hadees. You can confirm the references of Hadees at sunna.com & Al-Maktab Al-Shamilah (المكتبة الشاملة) also.
Disliking of Garlic smell & disallowed to come in or near Masjid

1. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم disallowed people coming in masjid or near masjid, after eating Saum (ثوم) (garlic). : Reference Bukhari: 5451 & 5452; Book no. 70; In English volume no. 7, Book no. 65; Hadees no 362 & 363.
2. Hazrat Jabir رضي الله عنه says that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said those who eat onion (بصل) or garlic (ثوم), be far or disallowed coming in masjid.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1806; Book no. 25; In English volume no. 3 Book 23, Hadees no 1806. (Because of its bad smell).
3. Narrated Jabir Bin Samurah that Hazrat Abu Ayyub  رضي الله عنه   was staying with Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, whenever any dish (meal) use to come to Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, (respected) Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم use to eat & give me the remaining, one day a dish came, from which Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم did not ate at all, because it contained Garlic (ثوم), Hazrat Abu Ayyub رضي الله عنه  asked to Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, is saum (ثوم) (garlic) haraam (حرام)?. To this Nabiصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم replied NO, but how ever, i dislike its smell.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1807; Book no. 25; In English volume no. 3, Book No. 23, Hadees no 1807.
4. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه  reported that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, He who eats of this plant (garlic) should not approach our mosque and should not harm us with the odor of garlic. : Reference Muslim: 562 B; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4, Hadees no 1144.

5. Narrated Abdul Aziz that it was asked to Anas رضي الله عنه   “What did you hear, Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم saying about garlic (ثوم)?”Anas رضي الله عنه replied, “Whoever has eaten (garlic) should not approach our mosque”. : Reference Bukhari: 5451; Book no. 70; In English volume no. 7;  Book no. 65; Hadees no. 362.

6. Ibn Suhaib reported that Anas رضي الله عنه  was asked about the garlic (ثوم); he stated that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said: He who eats of this plant (garlic) should not approach us and pray along with us. : Reference Muslim: 562 A; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4, Hadees no 1143.

7. Narrated Abu Saeed Al-Khudri رضي الله عنه that the garlic and onions (بصل) were mentioned before Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم & He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “The most severe of them is garlic (ثوم). Would you make it unlawful? Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم replied, Eat it, and he who eats it should not come near this mosque until its odor goes away. : Reference Abu Dawud: 3823; Book no. 28; In English Book no. 27; Hadees no. 3814.

8. Narrated Ibn Umar رضي الله عنه  that during the holy battle of Khaibar Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “Whoever ate from this plant (i.e. garlic) should not enter our mosque.” : Reference Bukhari: 853; Book no. 10; In English volume no. 1; Book no. 12; Hadees no. 812.
9. Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه   reported that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, He who eats onion (بصل) and garlic and leek (الكراث), should not approach our mosque for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam. : Reference Muslim: 564 B; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4, Hadees no 1147.

10. Narrated Jabir رضي الله عنه  that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “Whoever eats from garlic (ثوم), then repeated saying garlic (ثوم), onion (بصل), and leek (الكراث), then let him not approach our Masjid”. : Reference Tirmizi: 1806; Book no. 25; In English volume no. 3, Book No. 23, Hadees no 1806.

11. Ibn Umar رضي الله عنه reported that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said He who eats of this (offensive) plant must not approach our mosque, till its odor dies: (plant signifies) garlic. : Reference Muslim: 561 B; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4, Hadees no 1142.

12. Hazrat Umme Ayyub رضي الله عنها says that I prepared a dish for Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم which had many vegetables cooked in it like garlic (ثوم) etc, Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم did not ate it & said I do not like the bad smell coming from my mouth & people getting irritated.  : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3489; Book no. 29; In English volume no. 4, Book 29, Hadees no 3364.

A Group of people & Garlic    

13. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه  that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “Whoever has eaten garlic (ثوم) or onion (بصل), should keep away from us, or should keep away from our mosque and should stay at home.” Ibn Wahb said, “Once a plate full of cooked vegetables was brought to the Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم at Badr. Detecting a bad smell from it, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم asked about the dish and was informed of the kinds of vegetables in contained. He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم then said, “Bring it near,” and so it was brought near to one of his companions who were with him. When Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم saw it, He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم disliked eating it and said (to his companion), “Eat, for I talk in secret to ones whom you do not talk to”. : Reference Bukhari: 7359; Book no. 96; In English volume no. 9; Book no. 92; Hadees no. 458.  (Means talk to angles).

14. It is narrated from Jabir رضي الله عنه   that a group of people came to Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم and He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم noticed the smell of leeks coming from them. He صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, “Did I not forbid you to eat these vegetables? For the angels are offended by that which offends people”. : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3490; Book no. 29; In English volume no. 4, Book 29, Hadees no 3365.  (Means because by its bad smell in breath people & farishtaas (angel) of Allah Ta’lah get irritated).

Raw Garlic & Onion & their smell

15. Narrated Ata that he heard Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه saying, that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said ‘Whoever eats (from) this plant (he meant garlic) should keep away from our mosque.” I said, “What does he mean by that?” He replied, “I think he means only raw garlic (ثوم)”. : Reference Bukhari: 854; Book no. 10; In English volume no. 1; Book no. 12; Hadees no. 813.

16. Narrated Mu’awiyah Ibn Qurrah رضي الله عنه that Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم forbade these two plants (i.e. garlic and onions), and said, He who eats them should not come near our mosque. If it is necessary to eat them, make them dead by cooking, that is, onions and garlic. : Reference Abu Dawud: 3827; Book no. 28; In English Book no. 27; Hadees no. 3818.

17. Narrated by Sharik Bin Hanbal that Ali رضي الله عنه   said, “Eating garlic (ثوم) is no good, except when cooked”.  : Reference Tirmizi: 1809; Book no. 25; In English volume no. 3, Book No. 23, Hadees no 1809.

18. Narrated by Hazrat Ma’daan Bin Abi Talha Ya’mir رضي الله عنه once Umar Bin Khattab رضي الله عنه in Friday khutba said that if you want to eat garlic (ثوم), onion (بصل), use them in cooked food (means avoid them eating raw & coming in public & also avoid there bad smell in breath or mouth). (This is a big Hadees).     : Reference Ibn Ma-jah: 3488; Book no. 29; In English volume no. 4 Book 29, Hadees no 3363.

19. Narrated by Sharik Bin Hanbal by Ali رضي الله عنه  said, “Eating garlic was prohibited except when cooked”.   : Reference Tirmizi: 1808; Book no. 25; In English volume no.3 Book 23, Hadees no 1808.

Content of it  
carbohydrates, sugars, fibers, protein, vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B7, C, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, selenium, volatile oils, sulphur Etc.
Scientific benefits of Garlic
1. It lowers high blood pressure.
2. Good for arthritis, worms, bronchitis, asthma, TB, lungs infection, stomach infection, reduces cough, increases digestion, good for ear diseases.
3. When used with salt, it helps in migraine, gas, hysteria, sciatica, paralysis, gouts and many other diseases.
4. Best use in cooked food
5. Its juice can be applied on wounds, ulcers, abscesses etc.
6. Reduces cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, It has natural sulphurs, by which body, prepares co-enzymes for metabolism.
7. Best for staphylococcus, E-coli and many bacterial infections.
8. It has anti bacterial properties.
How to use

1. Eat 2 to 3 garlic cloves early morning to reduce cholesterol and triglyceride. (Eat in little quantity only).  Or prepare pickles, chatni out of it and use.
2. Can be used in cooking,

3. Fresh garlic’s with its leaves are best in cold climate. And have many other benefits.
4. In cold climates or cold region it is very beneficial, but use in mild quality.
5. Bad for sex, if used in excessive quantity.
6. Eat anything having good aroma after eating Garlic raw so that its smell do not irritates other people.

7. can be use for ear infection, take 3 garlic and little oil of any kind, heat both on low flame till the garlic gets black, than filter and put in the ears in mild warm condition, 2 to 3 times a day

8. Can be used in all types of wounds.
9. Single clove is best for medicinal use.
10. Can be eaten at early morning in winter season
Types of garlic
There are many types of garlic available: –
1. Garlic with multiple cloves, it is best for cooking purpose & Garlic with single clove, it is best for medicinal purpose.
Contra-indications

1. Do not use in diarrhea, Bleeding disorders, Namaz time (Salah time), Do not use it in weak sex.

Science & Hadees regarding Garlic

1. In Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم time mostly people were poor, in Arab much vegetables did not grew, vegetables from other parts of the world were not very time available, people use to eat raw garlic very often & we all know that it has a very offensive smell in breath which irritates other people, & Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم did not strictly prohibited to eat, but allowed to eat it in cooked food, & prohibited to come in Masjid or near it with its smell in breath, because in Masjid there are angles, who also get irritated with its smell, And by this rule all bad smell things should be avoided in Masjid or near it. The people often use to come in Masjid with its smell in breath, & may be people of that time ate raw garlic in much quantity to fulfill their hunger, & it is seen that the bad smell is very offensive if raw garlic is eaten in much quantity & remains for very long in the breath & also its smell is found in sweating which is again bad. And also cause excessive unwanted gas formation & its expulsion & if this occurs in public it is thing of irritating for others.
 2. Today no body eats garlic raw enough or full stomach because today we have all types of vegetables available all season thus garlic remains an ingredient of food. Thought its medicinal properties are not neglected.
Adverse effects and toxicology
Garlic is known for causing bad breath (halitosis), as well as causing sweat to have a pungent “garlicky” smell, which is caused by Allyl methyl sulfide (AMS). AMS is a volatile liquid which is absorbed into the blood during the metabolism of garlic-derived sulfur compounds; from the blood it travels to the lungs (and from there to the mouth, causing bad breath) and skin, where it is exuded through skin pores.

And if eaten in excessive quantity (raw) may cause people suffer from allergies to garlic and other species of Allium. Symptoms can include irritable bowel, diarrhea, mouth and throat ulcerations, nausea, breathing difficulties, and in rare cases, anaphylaxis. Garlic-sensitive patients show positive tests to diallyl disulfide, allylpropyldisulfide, allylmercaptan and allicin, all of which are present in garlic.

Conclusion of Hadees

1. Do not come in Masjid or in public after eating raw vegetables whose bad smell comes from mouth. We can eat them cooked in food & bad smell should not come from mouth. Nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم did not liked bad smell, specially from mouth because Angle use to come to Him bringing Messages & Quranic verses from Allah & Angles get irritated by te bad smell even people get irritated.

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